To accommodate coronavirus disruption HMRC temporarily changed the time limit from 30 to 90 days for notifying a VAT option-to-tax for land and buildings. This extension was set to expire on 30 June 2020 but has been extended to 31 October 2020.
The option to tax rules allows businesses to make an election to standard rate the supply of most non-residential and commercial land and buildings. This means that subsequent supplies by the person making the option to tax will be subject to VAT at the standard rate.
The ability to convert the treatment of VAT exempt land and buildings to taxable can have many benefits. The main benefit is that the person making the option to tax will be able to recover VAT on costs (subject to the usual rules) associated with the property including the purchase and refurbishment of the property.
However, any subsequent sale or rental of the property will attract VAT. Where the purchaser or tenant is able recover the VAT charged this is not normally an issue. However, where the purchaser / tenant is not VAT registered or not fully taxable (such as bank) the VAT can become an additional (non-recoverable) cost.
Once an option to tax has been made it can only be revoked under limited circumstances. This includes within a specified 'cooling off' period in the first 6 months. An automatic revocation applies where no interest has been held for more than 6 years and after 20 years has elapsed.