There are working time limits that state the legal maximum weekly working hours that a person has to work. They should not exceed 48 hours a week on average. The maximum hours for under 18’s is fixed at no more than 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week.
The average working hours are calculated over a 17-week period and includes overtime. This means that an employee may work more than 48 hours in some weeks as long as the average over the 17-week period does not exceed 48 hours. A person can choose to work more by opting out of the 48-hour week but cannot be forced to do so or suffer any detriment by not signing. This is known as an opt-out agreement.
There are some exceptions where employees may have to work more than 48 hours a week on average. This includes the following:
- where 24-hour staffing is required;
- in the armed forces, emergency services or police;
- in security and surveillance;
- as a domestic servant in a private household;
- as a seafarer, sea-fisherman or worker on vessels on inland waterways;
- where working time is not measured and you are in control, e.g. you are a managing executive with control over your decisions.